Gum Disease: The Main Facts Any Adult Should Recognize

Healthy Mouth, Healthy Life

Looking after your smile requires more work than making sure your teeth are white and even. Your gums are a significant aspect of your dental health, in addition to your general health. Since the majority of individuals may believe their gums are healthy, they are often alarmed if they are notified of an issue. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a degenerative condition that affects the gums that surround a person's teeth, and its symptoms typically occur without pain. A number of field observations have discovered a link that relates periodontal disease and general health issues, like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, strokes, and certain cancers, as well as tooth loss.

Despite this, we have exciting news: Gum disease can be evaded with routine oral care. The simplest method to avoid periodontal disease is to receive oral care from capable dental professionals, like the team at MINT dentistry in Richardson City Line. Our dentists have comprehensive knowledge and skills in the field of periodontal dentistry to identify a number of conditions and treat gum disease.


Frequently called gum disease, periodontal disease is known as an infection of the gums. The gumline is the pink-colored tissue that works to lock your teeth in their correct positions. Inadequate dental health will often cause a fuzzy-feeling bacteria known as plaque to develop and harden around the gum tissue. Although toothbrushing and flossing should remove a portion of the bacteria, plaque that's not cleared up will become tartar and cement onto your enamel. Only a biannual cleaning provided by a dentist or dental hygienist can efficiently remove tartar.

When accumulating on the teeth, tartar and plaque work as a pair to cause a mild type of periodontal disease called gingivitis. Gingivitis comes about as plaque collects on teeth and causes the nearby gumline to become inflamed. Bacteria produces toxins that aggravate your gum tissues, causing them to become discolored and puffy and, commonly, resulting in bleeding.

As gum disease evolves with no care, more severe phases of gum disease will often lead to painful and bleeding gums, issues with chewing, and even missing teeth. This is why it's essential to diagnose and address periodontal disease before the inflammation spreads throughout your mouth.


Healthy gums should be taut, pink, and fit securely around each tooth. The earliest signs of periodontal disease are often hard to detect by the average patient. It is vital to set up routine sessions with the dental professionals at MINT dentistry in Richardson City Line. We will work to detect the initial warning signs of periodontal disease during biannual cleanings and dental assessments. Signs of affected gums include swelling, discoloration, sensitivity, bleeding, separation from the tooth, extra spaces around your teeth, halitosis, missing teeth, issues with biting, and changes in your alignment.


As people reach the more progressive degrees of gum disease, they could need surgical procedures. Our dental practitioners in Richardson, TX can perform a number of surgical gum treatments, like gum tissue transplanting, gingival flap surgery, and others.

Gum disease frequently causes the gum tissue to deteriorate, which will expose a portion of the tooth's roots. To restore your gums, our doctors may perform a gum grafting procedure. Commonly, self-donated connective tissue is used for this procedure. The grafted tissue is removed from the palate and sutured to your gumline, which minimizes the root exposure.

Gum surgery can benefit people in Richardson, TX with severe periodontitis. Based on the degree of your periodontal disease, there are a few techniques we might incorporate: gingival flap surgery, gingivectomy, or gingivoplasty. Gingival flap surgery lifts the gum tissue away from the teeth to reveal the roots and permit our dentist to evaluate your situation. When this is complete, our dentist will do a scaling and root planing treatment to eradicate tartar and some compromised tissue. The loose tissue is then reshaped and stitched back into the correct location. Meanwhile, a gingivectomy removes and remolds a portion of the severely diseased tissue. This procedure is mostly saved for those whose gum disease is further along. Finally, a gingivoplasty is, at times, an aesthetic dental treatment that improves and reshapes the affected gum tissues once your periodontal disease has been taken care of to ensure a more aesthetic appearance.


The best method to avoid gum disease is to learn a good oral care routine. Obeying this convenient set of rules may help guarantee that your beautiful smile stays healthy for many years:

Flossing is essential for excellent dental health.
Flossing your teeth at least once every day will help remove germs that may be wedged in between your teeth. Toothbrushing is a vital aspect of your oral care routine. However, it still might not target every crevice.

Individuals must clean their teeth a minimum of twice each day.
Those who brush their teeth after eating help to eliminate plaque and food particles wedged in between their gums and teeth. It's also critical not to disregard your tongue. You should use your soft-bristled toothbrush to cleanse your tongue, as this could reduce leftover bacteria.

Find toothpaste and mouth rinses that have fluoride.
People find it challenging to know which dental care products are the most beneficial. When browsing, choose a fluoride-containing toothpaste and mouth rinse. When combined, the two products will delay the time it takes for bacteria and tartar to build up on the teeth.

Make it a goal to visit your dental practitioner two times yearly.
Plan appointments with your dentist twice yearly for oral health evaluations and professional cleanings. Dental checkups enable the dentists at MINT dentistry in Richardson City Line to detect issues like periodontal disease when they first occur. To help men and women with dental fears, our Richardson, TX facility utilizes several sedation options to settle your nerves. This way, you can receive your exams and professional cleanings easily.

Stop your tobacco use.
Those who use tobacco products (like dipping, cigarettes, or vaping) are at a higher risk to get gum disease and oral cancer. Tobacco consumption is detrimental to your immune system. This can make it harder for your body to fight off infection and heal afterward.


Effective oral treatment is necessary for the war against gum disease. Choose a dental care provider you trust, and make sure to stop by their office every six months for oral assessments and professional cleanings. At MINT dentistry in Richardson City Line, our team is skilled at preventing, diagnosing, and eliminating periodontal disease and numerous other dental wellness problems. Get in touch with our staff today to set up a consultation and begin your path toward your best oral health.

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.